Sites & cities that bear the name of Vijaya


Today in : Viet Nam
First trace of activity : 978 C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 15th century C.E
Recorded names : Đồ Bàn

Description : Vijaya (Vietnamese: Đồ Bàn) is an ancient city in Bình Định province, Vietnam. From the 10th century, it served as the capital of the Kingdom of Champa until it was conquered by Vietnam during the 1471 Cham–Vietnamese War. The area around Vijaya was probably one of earliest landfalls of the Cham people in what is now Vietnam. However, its architecture implies that it did not become important until the 11th or 12th century. Records suggest that there was an attack on Vijaya's citadel from Vietnam in 1069 (when Vietnam was ruled by Lý Nhân Tông) to punish Champa for armed raiding in Vietnam. The Cham king Rudravarman III was defeated and captured and offered Champa's three northern provinces to Vietnam (present-day Quảng Bình and Quảng Trị provinces).:62,186 Vijaya was also involved in wars with Angkor (now Cambodia) in the 12th and 13th centuries. Khmer military incursions into Champa were successful for some time and Suryavarman II managed to subdue Vijaya in the 1145, deposing Jaya Indravarman III,:75–76 but the Khmer were later defeated in 1149.:160 Vijaya was at times dominated by the Khmer king Jayavarman VII. The Khmer king relied on Cham supporters for his successful military campaigns in both Angkor and Champa. In 1377, the city was unsuccessfully besieged by a Vietnamese army in the Battle of Vijaya. Major wars with Vietnam were fought again in the 15th century, which eventually led to the defeat of Vijaya and the demise of Champa in 1471. The citadel of Vijaya was besieged for one month in 1403 when the Vietnamese troops had to withdraw because of a shortage of food. The final attack came in early 1471 after almost 70 years without major military confrontation between Champa and Vietnam. It is interpreted to have been a reaction to Champa asking China for reinforcements to attack Vietnam. Although much of Champa was dissolved after the 1471 Cham–Vietnamese War, Vijaya and other principalities had a protectorate-like status within Vietnam.

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