Sites & cities that bear the name of Wervik


Today in : Belgium
First trace of activity : ca. 1st century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : Viroviacum, Vironimo, Wervik, Wervi, Wervicq

Description : Wervik (West Flemish: Wervik; French: Wervicq; Latin: Viroviacum) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. Wervik is one of the oldest towns in Belgium. Prehistory Stone Age artefacts, flint axes and spearheads, were found in the district of Bas-Flanders and the site Oosthove. The archeological excavations at de Pioneer in 2009 yielded traces of inhabitation from the Iron Age to the Roman Period. Roman period Wervik was probably a settlement of the Menapians led by the chief Virovos, at a small height along the banks of the Lys (current Island Balokken). This is still unproven. At the time of the conquest of Gaul by Caesar, a Roman stopping place was built next to the Celtic village. The Roman settlement was registered on Roman road maps from the 3rd to 4th century under the name Viroviacum (Itinerarium Antonini) or Virovino (map of Peutinger). Vioviacum was located on the Roman road between Cassel and Bavay. Remains from that period are still being found regularly in Wervik. Excavations at Saint Martin's Square in the centre exposed the foundations of the old Saint Martin's church, which was partly built with Roman waste materials. According to some historians this was formerly a temple dedicated to Mars or Priapus. This is still unproven.

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