Sites & cities that bear the name of Yambol


Today in : Bulgaria
First trace of activity : 293 C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : Дямполис, Djampolis, Дамполис, Dampolys, Diospolis, Διόςπόλις, Diampolis, Διάμπόλις, Hiambouli, Ηιάμβόυλι, Dinibouli, دنبلي, Dbilin, Дбилин, Diamboli, Jamboli, Диамбоюли, Ямбол, Jambol, Dinibuli, сиамполис, Grenboel, Гренбоел

Description : Yambol (Bulgarian: Ямбол ) is a town in Southeastern Bulgaria and administrative centre of Yambol Province. It lies on both banks of the Tundzha river in the historical region of Thrace. It is occasionally spelled Jambol. The area surrounding Yambol has been inhabited since the Neolithic Era. The ancient Thracian royal city of Kabile or Kabyle (Bulgarian: Кабиле), dating from the end of the 2nd millennium BCE, was located 10 km from current-day Yambol. It was one of Thracians' most important cities and contained one of the kings' palaces. The city was conquered by King Philip II of Macedon in 341 BCE and was re-established as an Ancient Greek polis. After the collapse of Alexander the Great’s empire in the 3rd century BCE, Kabile was ruled by the Thracians once again. It was conquered by the Romans in 71 BCE and later incorporated into the Roman province of Thrace. By 136 CE, Kabile was one of the largest Roman military bases in the region housing at least 600 soldiers. A large residence for military officers has recently been excavated in the archaeological park at Kabile. The history of today's Yambol begins with the year 293 AD, when Emperor Diocletian undertook a journey that took him from Hadrianopel ( Edirne ) via Stara Sagora and Plovdiv to Serdica ( Sofia ). He also came to the area of ​​today's Jambol, where he founded a city in honor of Zeus: Diospolys (City of Zeus). The city expanded during the reign of Khan Omurtag of the First Bulgarian Empire, and a new fortress was built. Its proximity to the border made it essential for both trade and military purposes. During the reign of Boris I and Tsar Simeon, the first literary centers were established, mostly as part of the church. Books were imported from Preslav and Ohrid literary schools and were studied in the city's churches. During the reign of Tsar Kaloyan, the city again increased in importance, mainly due to the ongoing conflict between Bulgaria and the crusaders. A major battle between Tsar Kaloyan and the crusaders happened in 1204 CE, about 80 kilometers south-west of the town, where Bulgaria defeated the crusaders in the battle of Adrianopole on 14 April 1205.

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